Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy .The sector employs about 21.4% of Egypt's employees in 2018 which is the highest economic sector share in employment .
Farming is concentrated in the fertile Nile delta where cotton is cultivated and it is considered the highest income crop .
A high priority is to make Egypt 75% self-sufficient in wheat within the next ten years.
The 1.5 million acres project aims to increase the cultivated area .
The government is seeking to dig more than 1500 new wells in western desert in order to transfer the desert to arable land.
The agricultural seasons in Egypt are divided into three seasons: the winter season, the summer season and the Nile season, as well as the permanent or annual crops whose their production season are extends to a whole agricultural year such as sugar cane, fruit crops and timber.