Egypt posses' abundance of minerals, which vary in type, quantity and distribution locations. Mineral wealth in Egypt is classified into five basic categories:
Solid-state ores: It has a number of types, the most important ones, Carbonic materials such as coal, which are found in the rocks above the composition of phosphate in the governorates of the Red Sea and the New Valley.
Radioactive materials: Such as uranium, which is found in the rocks of the Eastern Desert and Sinai and is used in the production of nuclear energy.
Metallic materials: It includes three types of metals, iron ore, non-ferrous materials and precious metals.
Iron ore: Such as iron, which is one of the most important mineral wealth, which is famous in Egypt and is the basis of heavy industries, which issued in the car industry, trains and construction.
There are also many non-ferrous materials such as copper and precious metals such as silver, platinum, gold, non-metallic materials and finally the raw materials of chemical industries and fertilizers and all these minerals are available in large quantities and are exploited in production and export.
Construction Materials: Such as Granite, marble, white sand and limestone.
The Eastern Desert:
It extends from the Nile Valley in the west to the Red Sea, Suez Gulf, and Suez Canal in the East, and from Lake "Manzala" on the Mediterranean in the North of Egypt's southern borders with Sudan in the south. The Eastern Desert is marked with the Eastern Mountains that extend along the Red Sea with peaks that rise to about 3000 feet above sea level. This desert is rich with natural resources including various ores such as gold, coal, oil.