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The provisions of the law are applicable to stock companies, partnerships limited with shares and Limited Liability companies. It cancels Law No. 26 of the year 1954 regarding certain provisions related to Joint Stock Companies and Limited Liability Companies. It cancels both Law No. 244 of the Year 1960 related to mergers of Joint Stock Companies and Law No.137 of the Year 1961 concerning the formation of Board of Directors (BODs) of Joint Stock Companies. It also canceled any provision that contradicts the provisions of Law No. 159 and its Executive Regulations.

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Law No.4 provides for the creation of an agency for the protection and promotion of the environment, the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA).The EEAA formulates general policy and prepares the necessary plans for the protection and promotion of the environment.It also follows up on the implementation of such plans.

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The New Income Tax Law No. 91 of 2005 added fundamental amendments to the previous regulations related to income tax in Egypt. To read more about the executive regulations,

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The Egyptian labor market is regulated by the New Unified Labor Law No. 12 of 2003. The new law targets increasing private sector involvement and as well as achieving a balance between employees' and employers' rights.

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Micro-finance is offering finance for economic productivity, service, and commercial purposes with the value set by Financial Regulatory Authority (FRA)’s Board of Directors. On 13 November 2014, Presidential Decree No.141 of 2014 on regulating microfinance activities was published in the Egyptian Gazette.

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Mineral Resources Law No. 198 of the Year 2014 applies to mineral wealth, raw materials of mines, quarries and salt panes. The law applies as well to nuclear materials and radioactive isotopes.

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The Egyptian Parliament approved the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Law No. 83 of 2002 on May 2002, which allowed the establishment of special zones for industrial, agricultural or service activities that are dedicated to the export markets. The law allows firms operating in these zones to import fixed assets and equipment, raw materials and intermediate goods duty-free. Companies established in the new zones are subject to lower corporate taxes and are exempt from sales and indirect taxes. They also operate under more flexible labor regulations and enjoy other incentives. The executive regulations of the law were issued on September 2002. Currently, there is one Special Economic Zone operating in the Northwest Gulf of Suez managed by the General Authority for the Special Economic Zone in the Northwest of Suez Gulf.

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The Executive Regulations of the Investment Law No. 72 of 2017 were issued by the Prime Minister's Decision No. 2310 of 2017 dated October 28th 2017. The Executive Regulations consist of 132 articles divided into 5 sections: general provisions; facilitations and incentives for investors; the investor services center; the investment zones, technology parks and public free zones, and; regulation of the investment environment. Section two covers "facilitations and incentives for investors", which includes a chapter for regulating the residency of non-Egyptian investors and the employment of foreign workers, a chapter for guarantees and a third chapter for special and additional incentives. 
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The new Investment Law aims at increasing the percentage of local product, raising the level of competition and fighting monopoly. It gives exceptional incentives for labor-intensive projects and geographical areas that are most in need of development, as well as for small enterprises, especially youth projects, women, entrepreneurs and emerging projects. The Law specifies a set period of time for the services provided by the investment services center stipulated in the Law and grants powers to the administrative bodies represented in the service center to expedite decision making, pass approvals and activate the one-stop-shop service.

To read more about the law, Law No. 72 of 2017

Overview Investment Law No. 8 of 1997 (which cancelled Law 230 of 1989) is a combination of incentives, customs exemptions and many new investor protections and guarantees. Investment Law No. 8 of 1997 and Companies Law No. 159 of 1981 and their amendments are two key laws that regulate the investment environment in Egypt.
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In May 2002, the Egyptian Parliament approved the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Law No. 82 of 2002. It aims to make the Egyptian legal system related to intellectual property rights in compliance with Egypt's commitments stipulated in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The Law aims to protect property rights to create a suitable environment that encourages innovation and enhances foreign direct investment. The new law consists of 205 articles unifying and controlling the current laws on intellectual property rights. It includes four sections: trademarks; copyrights; patents and plant varieties.


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