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About Egypt

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​​​​​​​​​​​​Country Flag
Official language​Arabic​
Foreign languages English and French widely understood by educated classes
Capital CityCairo
Main CitiesCairo, Alexandria, Giza, Port Said, Suez, Hurghada, Luxor, Sharm El Sheikh
Form of GovernmentRepublic
Head of StatePresident Abdel Fattah El Sisi
Head of GovernmentPrime Minister Moustafa Madbouly
Administration27 Governorates
State Holiday23rd of July (Revolution Day )
6th of October (Victory Day)
25th of Jan (Revolution Day) and (Police Day)
Population100,842,776 (31 August 2020) 
Population average Growth Rate 3.3 % (2015  - 2018)
Age Structure: 0-14 years:                           33.87%
15-39years:                         40.35%
40-64years:                         21.14%
65 years and over:               4.62%
Labor Force 28.93Million (20189), 28.9 Million (2018), 29.5 Million (2017), 28.9 Million (2016), 28.4 Million (2015)
Universities53 Universities (27 Public, 17 Private,  3 National, and 6 others )
Main Sea Ports and TerminalsAlexandria, Damietta, El Dekheila, Port Said, Suez, El-Sukhnah
Road Network188247 Kilometers (30/6/2018)
Railway Network9,570 KM (2016/2017)
Time ZoneGMT+2
ClimateThe moderate climate throughout the Year (Temperature: Summer 25°-35°, Winter 15°-25° C)
CurrencyEgyptian Pound (EGP)
Phone Dial Code+20
Power Voltage220 KW
Coastline2,450 KM
Internet Users 43.87  Million (March 2020)
Mobile Users 96.42  Million (March 2020)
Fixed Lines Users  9.52      Million (March 2020)


  • Ministry of Planning, Follow up and Administrative Reform, Economic, and Social Development Follow up Report, Official Website.
  • Ministry of Finance, Official Website.
  • Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, ICT Sector: Main Economic Indicators, Official Website.
  • Central Bank of Egypt (CBE): Monthly Statistical Bulletin, Official Website.
  • Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics: CAPMAS (Census 2006), Official Website.
  • The Information and Decision Support Center: IDSC, Official Website. ​